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Permaculture is a science-based ethical design system used to answer the all encompassing question:

“How do we live sustainably?"


It is based on 12 design principles below:


Permaculture has a lot in common with organic gardening, but it is a different approach. Instead, permaculture gardens are very purposefully modeled after natural ecosystems to minimize waste and maximize productivity, thereby creating a garden that needs much less maintenance, ideal for a school garden! There is a focus on planting perennials (reducing the need to plant every year), harvesting rainwater (perfect for BC' dry Interior), composting, and providing an educational hands-on experience for students from K-12.

Permaculture Websites:

Designing your garden

School garden in Australia

Permaculture design

...and more!!

Permaculture Books:

Permaculture: Principles and Pathways Beyond Sustainability by David Holmgren

The Vegetable Gardener's Guide to Permaculture: Creating and Edible Ecosystem by Christopher Shein

Permaculture for School Gardens e-book

Outdoor Classrooms by Carolyn Nuttall and Janet Millington

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